Baby Bed Bugs and How Harmful They Can Be
Bed bugs are opportunistic creatures, and will often come out at night to feed on human blood. Adult or baby bed bugs have common preferences. When their targets are asleep soundly that is when they get out of their hiding places such as the cracks on the wall, around the beds, couches, seams of the bedcover, and anywhere they can hide in plain sight to feed.
What is worrisome about these pests is that they can suck on your blood every night without you feeling it because of a component in their saliva that acts as an anticoagulant in human blood. It is the reason they can siphon human blood without difficulty. Baby bed bugs or adult bed bugs feed on the arms, legs, neck, feet, or even your face.
Having bed bugs in your home does not only cause skin bruises but also creates severe stress and anxiety for the sufferers.
HOW TO DISTINGUISH BABY BED BUGS?
Baby bed bugs are also called nymphs with a translucent or straw-colored appearance and are still visible to the human eye even though they are the size of an apple seed. Baby bed bugs molt or shed five times, and after that, their size will increase and can measure up to 1/4 inches long, at the same time, will change its color to dark brown or deep red color.
BABY BED BUGS AND THEIR HIDING PLACES?
When you find baby bed bugs, adults will be there as well. Bed bugs can hide in various places in your home, such as the following.
DARK PLACES SUCH AS THE GAP IN CABINETS, CREVICES, OR EVEN WALLPAPER
Bed bugs will hide in places, no matter how small. They can get inside these crevices without people noticing, and it may also be hard to detect them once they get a good covering.
You’ll know bed bugs are lurking in your furniture if it suddenly becomes impossible to sit on it without itching. You will also notice prickly welts on your skin after sitting on the sofa. Whether you have fabric or wood furniture, it won’t matter as long as there are spaces to hide.
Since they are near the blood source and have access to it, mattress crevices are another perfect hiding place for these pests because they find it easy to sneak in and out with these mattress crevices.
MATTRESS, BOXSPRINGS, SEAMS, AND FOLDS
It is the sleeping area and where bed bugs will frequent than most areas in the house. They will love the access and the hiding place. Bed bugs will re-infest the mattress if they are not killed during the treatment.
BED COVER, PILLOWCASES
Since bedcovers and pillowcases have spaces that are enough for bed bugs to get in. The seams of the bed cover are also a great hiding spot.
BEDSIDE TABLES, CHAIRS
No matter what type of table or chair you have, bed bugs will find a way to stay hidden and be hard to detect.
CARPETS AND RUGS
You’ll know you have a severe infestation if bedbugs are in your carpets and rugs. It can be baby bed bugs or adult bed bugs living in your carpets and even in other upholstered surfaces in your home. They do not just stay in your bed, but they will infest any space.
Bed bugs will hide in any area in your home, and it is another ideal spot to stay hidden because of the cracks and gaps in them. You won’t notice they are there unless you accidentally step on one bug while walking on these floorboards.
There are other places where these pests can still hide, such as electrical receptacles, wall hangings, drawer joints, and more. There is a possibility that you won’t know you have an infestation unless you see bite marks or welts on your skin and other signs mentioned above.
HOW TO SPOT BABY BED BUGS INFESTATION?BLOODSTAINS
These bloodstains will be small, and sometimes you may not even notice them or ignore them if you have a bedcover with designs. If you have an all-white bedcover, you may see these small bloodstains brought about by the puncturing of your skin at night.
You will see dark brown dots on your bed cover, which you may think of as dust or dirt but it is actually bedded bug excrements.
You will also notice thin shells the size of a grain of rice. These are skin shedding by bed bugs.
SEEING LIVE BUGS
When there is an interruption in their feeding pattern, and they are hungry, it is possible to see live bugs scampering or finding hosts at night.
USE OF BED BUG TRAPS
If you want to determine whether you have a bed bug infestation, traps are available for purchase. You can set these traps in spaces you think they may hide or scurry, such as near the mattress, bed frame, baseboard trim, or near furniture. When you confirm the presence of bed bugs and are, sure it is bed bugs you have, it is now time to think of the best way to eliminate them.
HOW DO BED BUGS GET INSIDE YOUR HOME?
Baby bed bugs can get inside your home, they won’t have a problem since adult bed bugs will be there first. Homeowners should avoid getting them cause once they infest your home, it will be difficult to remove them and not after they caused damage and harm to your family.
Here are how they sneak their way inside your home.
You may accept a second-hand sofa from a friend or a neighbor, and you thought the sofa look fetching. What you don’t know is the possibility that it may have some pests creeping under or within its spaces. You should be wary of spot signs of bed bugs like the one mentioned above cause this is also visible in sofas, and it is not just the bloodstain you will see but also the dark fecal spots, even skin shedding.
If you spot these signs, you should stay away from used couches, sofa, or even mattresses.
BAGGAGE, LUGGAGE OR YOUR BACKPACKS
When you go on vacation, you tend to leave your baggage and luggage on the floor or in spaces inside the bedroom or any hotel you sleep in. Keep your bags from the floor or bedspread and purchase suitcase cover or store-bought luggage bags that you can tie off. What is surprising about bed bugs is that they can hitch a ride on any of your bags, and they can insert themselves in the tiniest space.
THEIR PRESENCE IN HOTEL ROOMS
When you stay in a hotel or an apartment building, make sure that you do your homework first by checking reviews about the place you will be staying in online or any negative reports you can find before you reserve a room.
Check the room before placing your bags on the floor or anywhere inside the bedroom unless you inspect it first. Do not bring your luggage or bags inside your home upon your return without checking the presence of bed bugs before doing so.
Since movie theatres have couches or furniture and are frequented by people, bed bugs have the opportunity to bite moviegoers and hitch a ride on their clothes or bags. It is how they transfer from one place to another without difficulty.
The movie theatre is a wide space with plenty of crevices to crawl into. Remove and wash your clothing first before entry to your home if you suspect that the place you’ve been has bed bugs.
BED BUGS AND HOW DO THEY SURVIVE?CONTINUED FOOD SOURCE
Nymphs need nourishment once a week, while adult bed bugs can go a long time without feeding. Baby bed bugs need to consume to get to the next stage of development and reach adulthood, a steady supply of sustenance will help them survive smoothly.
MATING AND REPRODUCTION
They will continue to increase in number as long as they have a blood meal, even once a day, and they can mate to make it possible to produce an egg. A female bed bug can lay up to 3 eggs per day, and in favorable conditions, they will continue the cycle of laying eggs. Their eggs are often found in the bedroom and have a pearl-white color.
Bed bugs will not survive in extreme temperatures. These bugs prefer an environment with room temperature to persist. There are commercial heating services available for homes with bed bug infestation and will expose your home for two hours with 130 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit of heat. Cold temperature or chilling the environment will also kill bed bugs with 30 to 32 degrees Fahrenheit or lower for several days.
HOW TO GET RID OF BABY BED BUGS?
The good news is, you can get rid of baby bed bugs together with adult bed bugs. The bad news is it is tough to get rid of them because they are good in hiding.
Remove all the stuff in your bedroom or do it per area. If it is the bedroom you are treating, vacuum each furniture, box spring, mattress, bed frame, among others, and dump the content of the vacuum bag safely. Treat every part of your home that you think bed bugs have invaded.
WASHING AND DRYING IN HIGH HEAT
Baby bed bugs and adult bed bugs will get killed with high heat, so washing clothes, beddings, and even curtains in hot water for 20 to 30 minutes will help. Drying for 30 minutes at a high temperature is the next step, and do not reuse the plastic or the bags where you gather the beddings, clothes, and other fabrics.
APPROVED CHEMICALS FOR HOME USE
If you are good at following directions, using chemicals is also another way to kill bed bugs. Approved products include PYRETHRINS, NEONICOTINOIDS that affect both the adult and baby bug’s nervous system, INSECT GROWTH REGULATORS that will inhibit the growth of the bugs, DESICCANTS are also available for purchase and help dry out the protective covering of bed bugs.
There are other pesticides used to control bed bugs, but it has no strong effect that will be useful in the long term. Also, not having enough knowledge about these chemicals may spread the infestations instead of stopping them.
GETTING THE HELP OF TRAINED PROFESSIONALS
Managing bed bug infestation requires hard work as it is a difficult task that needs expertise and familiarity with how pests such as bed bugs work. Trained professionals will also have the materials and tools to eliminate bed bugs and the methods and steps to ensure these creatures are gone for good.
For extreme infestation, there are insecticides these professionals may use where homeowners are required to leave the house for a few days to ensure their safety against inhalation of said chemicals.
WHAT HAPPENS IF A BABY BED BUG BIT YOU?
Once you notice a red welt, blisters, or rashes present in your skin, this is an indication that bed bugs are present in your home. You will also notice a cluster bite or a straight line bite which is a common bed bugs bite.
Baby bed bugs bite the same way and latch on your exposed skin to inject their saliva containing an anticoagulant to make the bite site numb, so they can feed as much as they need. Unlike adult bed bugs, baby bed bugs require a shorter time to get their fill of blood.
In the morning, the targets will notice the site of the bite swelling and the appearance of small red welts that itch like crazy. Babies will have a difficult time with bed bug bites and may continue scratching the area that can lead to secondary skin infections.
Adults may also have some issues with the insect bite as it may also trigger sleep disturbance because of the frustration and anxiety, knowing there are bed bugs present in your home.
Babies or adults may have a different reaction to the bite of bed bugs, but some common treatments comprise the following
* Cleaning the affected area
* Use of OTC anti-itch cream or lotion
* Refrain from scratching the affected area to avoid secondary infection
FOR SEVERE REACTION TO THE BED BUG BITE
Consult a doctor for severe itching, fever, and appearance of hives or blisters in adults, and for babies who have difficulty of breathing, fever, and obvious discomfort.
WHAT ARE PREVENTIVE MEASURES TO ENSURE BED BUGS WILL NOT INVADE YOUR HOME IN THE FUTURE?
It is when frequent vacuuming is crucial and should be done a few times per week inside every room, the carpets, floor gaps, and crevices.
The use of steam cleaner is helpful since bed bugs do not like extreme temperatures and will die if exposed to it for half an hour, at least.
Even if bed bugs live in maintained homes, when you declutter, you get to inspect your home and areas that are breeding grounds for bed bugs. Boxes, books, magazines, old clothes, and even old furniture can be a hiding spot for these creatures.
SEALING CRACKS, HOLES, OR GAPS
To ensure you are making it difficult not just for bed bugs but also for other pests to infest your home, you need to do this step. Even electrical outlets are a good hiding place for bed bugs, imagine how they can sneak inside voids, crannies, and crevices.
LET THE PROFESSIONALS DO THEIR JOB
Elimination of bed bugs will not take only one visit but a few. It requires follow-ups to ensure that the bed bug treatment is working. If you still see some bugs crawling on your floor or furniture, there is no need to panic cause it may take a few visits from the pest control company to remove these creatures completely.
WHAT OTHER INSECTS ARE OFTEN MISTAKEN AS BED BUGS?FLEAS
Fleas move faster and can jump from surface to surface. They are mistaken for bed bugs even though they appear skinnier. Fleas also prefer blood, but they like to get it from animals, such as dogs and cats.
Booklice is smaller but has an appearance similar to bed bug nymphs. They change color from translucent to brown or gray once they become adults.
This bug has a rounder appearance but is the same size as fleas. Carpet beetles have a different marking compared to bed bugs and can fly. Diet consists of nectar, pollen and they also feed on skin shedding from bed bugs.
Ticks are mistaken for bed bugs because of the similarity in color and shape, except for the eight legs. They feed on the blood of animals, but they also bite humans. Ticks carry various diseases like Lyme disease, Tularemia, Babesiosis that can affect not just animals, but humans.
Similar in color with bed bugs that range from reddish-brown to dark brown. Cockroach nymphs haven’t acquired their wings yet, and the reason they are mistaken for bed bugs, plus their flattened and oval body, is comparable to bed bugs.